Urology Cancer Centre

What is Urologic Cancer:

Urologic Cancers affect the organs and structures of the male and female urinary system and the male reproductive system.

Types of Urologic Cancers:

  • Bladder Cancer
  • Renal (kidney) Cancer
  • Testicular Cancer
  • Penile Cancer
  • Urethral Cancer
  • Prostate Cancer

Bladder Cancer:

It affects the cells that line the urinary bladder, a small sac that collects urine for excretion.

Symptoms of Bladder Cancer

  • Blood in the urine
  • Problems with urination
  • Lower back pain
  • Overly frequent urination
  • Painful urination

Causes of Bladder Cancer

  • Age over 40
  • A job in the dye, leather, or rubber industries
  • Being male
  • Prior cancer treatment with arsenic or cyclophosphamide

Renal (kidney) Cancer :

It forms in the small tubes that clean the blood of the kidneys. Renal Pelvis Cancer is a rare form of this disease. It occurs in the part of the kidney that connects to the bladder.

Symptoms of Renal (kidney) Cancer:

  • Anaemia
  • Appetite loss
  • Blood in the urine
  • Enlarged veins (varicocele) near a testicle
  • Fatigue
  • High blood pressure
  • Lump on the side or back
  • Pain in the side or back
  • Swelling of the ankles and legs
  • Unexplained weight loss

Causes of Renal (kidney) Cancer:

  • Exposure to asbestos or cadmium
  • High blood pressure
  • Long-term dialysis
  • Obesity
  • Occupation in the iron and steel industries
  • Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome

Testicular Cancer :

forms in a testis and accounts for only one percent of all cancers in men.

Symptoms of Testicular Cancer:

  • Changes in size or firmness of testicles
  • Dull ache in the groin
  • Fluid build-up in the scrotum
  • Pain in a testicle or the scrotum
  • Painless lump or swelling on either testicle
  • Breast tenderness or growth (gynecomastia)

Causes of Testicular Cancer:

  • Abnormal testicular development
  • Family history
  • Undescended testicle (cryptorchidism)

Penile Cancer:

A rare type of cancer that affects the penis — the male reproductive organ, which is as a part of the urinary system.

Symptoms of Penile Cancer:

  • Blood at the tip of the penis
  • Colour changes
  • Discharge with odour
  • Growths or sores
  • Irregular swelling
  • Pain
  • Rash or bumps under the foreskin
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the groin
  • Thickened skin

Causes of Penile Cancer:

  • Age over 50
  • HIV/AIDS infection
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
  • Poor personal hygiene
  • Psoriasis treatment with psoralen and ultraviolet light

Urethral Cancer:

It occurs in the urethra, the tube that conducts urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. In men, the urethra travels through the penis; it also carries semen. Urethral Cancer is rare, and it occurs more often in men than in women.

Symptoms of Urethral Cancer:

  • Bleeding from the urethra
  • Blood in the urine
  • Discharge
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the groin
  • Interrupted urine flow
  • Lump in the perineum or penis

Causes of Urethral Cancer:

  • Age over 60
  • Being female
  • Frequent urinary tract infections
  • History of bladder cancer
  • History or presence of sexually transmitted diseases

Prostate Cancer:

Prostate Cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate — a small walnut-shaped gland in men that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.

Prostate Cancer grows slowly over a period of time and can spread to surrounding organs like urinary bladder, seminal vesicle and rectum; many a times it spreads to bones as well.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer:

  • Trouble urinating
  • Decreased force in the stream of urine
  • Blood in semen
  • Discomfort in the pelvic area
  • Bone pain
  • Erectile dysfunction

Causes of Prostate Cancer:

  • Prostate cancer increases as you age
  • Colour of skin
  • Family history
  • Obesity

Preventions of Urologic Cancer:

  • Digital rectal exam (DRE)
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test

Diagnosis of Urologic Cancer:

  • Ultrasound
  • Collecting a sample of prostate tissue.
  • PET Scan
  • Bone Scan
  • CT Scan
  • MRI Fusion
  • X-Ray

Treatment of Urologic cancer:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Surgery
  • Supportive care

Salient Features:

  • Full-time dedicated specialist so as to provide 24x7 services throughout the year
  • Urologic Oncology concerns the surgical treatment of malignant genitourinary diseases such as cancer of the prostate, adrenal glands, bladder, kidneys, ureters, testicles, and penis procedures are performed Laparoscopically
  • Personalised Uro Onco screening and monitoring plans at increased risk for Prostate Cancer through our screening programme